Propane heaters use propane. How much propane exactly? It is a good idea to understand how much propane do heaters use in order to plan your propane usage. Obviously, the size of the propane heater (measured in BTU/h) is the primary factor that determines the heater’s propane usage.
To help you out, we have created a Propane BTU Calculator, along with the propane heater usage per hour, day, and month chart for 5,000 BTU to 200,000 BTU propane heaters.
Example: How much propane does a 30,000 BTU patio heater use? Using the propane BTU calculator below (and presume 90% efficiency), we see that a 30,000 BTU heater will use 0.36 gallons of propane per hour. That’s about 1.48 lb of propane (we presume 4.11 lb/gallon propane density at 77°F).
As you can see, there are only 2 factors that determine how much propane will a heater use, namely:
- Propane Heater Size (In BTU/h or British Thermal Units). We have 10,000 BTU, 20,000 BTU, and 30,000 BTU propane heaters, and so on. This can be a garage propane heater, patio propane heater, etc. The size – of propane heater heating capacity – is the heating output a unit will give off. The bigger the propane heater, the more propane it will burn.
- Propane Heater Efficiency (In %). This is the amount of heat the propane heater can extract from 1 lb or 1 gallon of propane. Most propane heaters will have a 90% efficiency or higher. Example: 1 gallon of propane contains 91,452 BTU of energy. A 90% efficient propane heater will be able to convert that gallon of propane into 82,307 BTU of heating output. The rest – 10% of the total or 9,152 BTU – are the propane burning losses.
Now, to calculate the propane heater usage, we will need this 1 key data point:
1 gallon of propane contains 91,452 BTU. (Provided by the US Energy Information Administration)
If we know what size propane heater we have and how efficient it is (we usually presume 90% efficiency), we can easily calculate how much propane will any propane heater use with this formula:
Propane Usage = Propane Heater Capacity (In BTU) / (91,452 BTU Per Gallon × Efficiency (%) / 100)
Example of how to use this formula: How much propane does a 50,000 BTU heater use? We presume 90% efficiency and insert everything in the equation:
50,000 BTU Propane Usage = 50,000 BTU / (91,453 BTU/gallon × 90%/100) = 0.61 Gallons Of Propane Per Hour
A 50,000 BTU propane heater will consume 0.61 gallons of propane per hour. If you want to know how many lb of propane is that, you can multiply the number of gallons by 4.11 lb/gallon. In the case of a 50,000 BTU heater, we get 2.51 lb propane usage per hour.
All these calculations can be a bit complex and take some time to figure out. To help you out, we have prepared a simple propane BTU calculator you can freely use. Below the calculator, you will also find the calculated propane usage for 5,000 BTU – 200,000 BTU propane heaters per hour, per day, and per month:
Propane BTU Calculator Per Hour
In this calculator, you just input the capacity of your propane heater (BTUs) and its efficiency. If you don’t know the efficiency specs, you can just input the 90% efficiency. The calculator will automatically calculate how much propane will your heater use per hour:
Here is an example of how to use this calculator:
Let’s say you have a 48,000 BTU propane heater. How much propane will it use? Just slide the 1st slider to ‘48,000’ and the second slider to ’90’. You get the result: This 48,000 BTU propane heater will use 0.58 gallons of propane per hour.
This is just one example. We have used this calculator to calculate the amount of propane do 5,000 BTU to 200,000 BTU heaters use, and summarized the result in this chart:
Propane Heater Usage Per Hour, Day, Month
|Propane Heater BTU Rating:||Propane Usage Per Hour:||Propane Usage Per Day (8 Hours):||Propane Usage Per Month (8h/day):|
|5,000 BTU||0.06 Gallons Per Hour||0.48 Gallons Per Day||14.4 Gallons Per Month|
|10,000 BTU||0.12 Gallons Per Hour||0.96 Gallons Per Day||28.8 Gallons Per Month|
|15,000 BTU||0.18 Gallons Per Hour||1.44 Gallons Per Day||43.2 Gallons Per Month|
|20,000 BTU||0.24 Gallons Per Hour||1.92 Gallons Per Day||57.6 Gallons Per Month|
|25,000 BTU||0.30 Gallons Per Hour||2.40 Gallons Per Day||72.0 Gallons Per Month|
|30,000 BTU||0.36 Gallons Per Hour||2.88 Gallons Per Day||86.4 Gallons Per Month|
|40,000 BTU||0.49 Gallons Per Hour||3.92 Gallons Per Day||117.6 Gallons Per Month|
|50,000 BTU||0.61 Gallons Per Hour||4.88 Gallons Per Day||146.4 Gallons Per Month|
|60,000 BTU||0.73 Gallons Per Hour||5.84 Gallons Per Day||175.2 Gallons Per Month|
|70,000 BTU||0.85 Gallons Per Hour||6.80 Gallons Per Day||204.0 Gallons Per Month|
|80,000 BTU||0.97 Gallons Per Hour||7.76 Gallons Per Day||232.8 Gallons Per Month|
|90,000 BTU||1.09 Gallons Per Hour||8.72 Gallons Per Day||261.6 Gallons Per Month|
|100,000 BTU||1.21 Gallons Per Hour||9.68 Gallons Per Day||290.4 Gallons Per Month|
|150,000 BTU||1.82 Gallons Per Hour||14.56 Gallons Per Day||436.8 Gallons Per Month|
|200,000 BTU||2.42 Gallons Per Hour||19.36 Gallons Per Day||580.8 Gallons Per Month|
As you can see, you have quite a lot of propane usage results here.
Example: How much propane will an 80,000 BTU heater use?
If we presume 90% efficiency, an 80,000 BTU propane heater will use:
- 0.73 gallons of propane per hour.
- 5.84 gallons of propane per day (if we run the heater for 8 hours per day).
- 175.2 gallons of propane per month (8 hour/day usage).
With the calculator and this chart, you can adequately estimate how many gallon of propane will different propane heaters use. If you need any assistance, you can give us some relevant numbers (BTUs, for example) in the comment section below, and we will try to help you out as best we can.