**CFM** or * Cubic Feet per Minute *is a unit for airflow we use in HVAC calculation. Most commonly, we need to calculate CFM for a room for fans, air purifiers, air conditioners, and so on.

*Example of a question LearnMetrics’s received:* We have a 300 square foot standard bedroom. How much CFM should a fan for such a room have if we’re looking to completely change all air 2 times per hour (every 30 minutes)?

*Calculation:* Airflow has to be strong enough to change the complete volume of 300 sq ft room (with 8 sq ft ceiling height) 2 times per hour. Volume of a room = 300 sq ft x 8 ft = 2,400 ft^{3}. To change it 2 times per hour (ACH = 2), we need to deliver 4,800 ft^{3} per hour. CFM is a ft^{3} per minute unit. That’s why we need to divide the total volume by 60; hence 4,800/60 = 80 CFM.

*Answer:* You need an **80 CFM airflow** (for 300 sq ft standard room and 2 ACH).

Here’s a **neat CFM calculator** that calculates CFM based on *room area*, *ceiling height*, and the *number of air changes per hour (ACH)*.

Below the calculator, we will demonstrate how the cubic feet per minute calculator works by solving one example using the calculator and CFM formula. You will also find a CFM chart, with airflow in CFM calculated for areas between 100 sq ft and 3,000 sq ft (useful for ductwork as well) further on.

## CFM Airflow Calculator

### How To Calculate CFM For A Room? (Solved Example)

Let’s say we have a big 1,000 sq ft room with standard 8 ft high ceiling. We want to calculate the CFM of a fan that will exchange all the air in such a room every 15 minutes (ACH = 4).

We can use calculate fan CFM in two ways:

- Use the CFM formula.
- Use the fan CFM calculator above.

To demonstrate how to use the CFM calculator to calculate fan airflow, we’ll start by using the calculator. Here are the results:

The result is clear. For a 1,000 sq ft room with an 8 ft ceiling and 4 ACH, you need a fan capable of delivering 533 CFM airflow.

Let’s use the CFM formula to see if we get the same number (this is the very formula used in the calculator):

**CFM = (Area x Height x ACH) / 60**

If we input the figures from our example, we get:

**CFM = (1,000 sq ft * 8 ft * 4) / 60 min = 533 ft ^{3}/min = 533 CFM**

In short, we get the same number.

You can check this list to get an idea of how much CFM the best air purifiers can produce (for reference).

You can freely use the CFM calculator to calculate airflow for any room, and for any ACH. To help you out, we have created a CFM chart where we calculated CFM for the most common room sizes:

### CFM Chart For Common Room Sizes

In all these calculations, we predispose 8 ft ceiling height and use 2 ACH. If you want to use other ACH values, you can use the CFM calculator above. For ACH calculation based on CFM, you are free to use the ACH calculaton here.

Room Size: | CFM (At 2 ACH) |
---|---|

How many CFM do I need for a 100 sq ft room? | 27 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 200 sq ft room? | 53 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 300 sq ft room? | 80 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 400 sq ft room? | 107 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 500 sq ft room? | 133 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 600 sq ft room? | 160 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 700 sq ft room? | 187 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 800 sq ft room? | 213 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 900 sq ft room? | 240 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 1000 sq ft room? | 267 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 1500 sq ft room? | 400 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 2000 sq ft room? | 533 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 2500 sq ft room? | 667 CFM |

How many CFM do I need for a 3000 sq ft room? | 800 CFM |

#### How Many CFM Per Square Foot

One of the most common questions is how many CFM airflow do we need per sq ft. Obviously, that depends on the ceiling height and ACH. If we predispose 8 ft ceiling height, we can calculate CFM per sq ft for different values of ACH:

- 0.13 ACH per square foot at ACH = 1.
- 0.27 ACH per square foot at ACH = 2.
- 0.40 ACH per square foot at ACH = 3.
- 0.53 ACH per square foot at ACH = 4.
- 0.67 ACH per square foot at ACH = 5.

If anything is unclear here, you can pose the question in the comments and we’ll help you out.

### Duct Diameter CFM Chart

For everybody who needs CFM calculation for duct work, you will also need the duct diameter to achieve that airflow.

*Example:* If we need a 300 CFM airflow, we’ll need a 10-inch flex duct diameter.

To correctly size your ductwork, you can reference the CFM sizing chart here:

Flex Duct Diameter: | CFM (Airflow) |
---|---|

4-inch | 20 CFM |

5-inch | 50 CFM |

6-inch | 80 CFM |

7-inch | 120 CFM |

8-inch | 170 CFM |

9-inch | 230 CFM |

10-inch | 300 CFM |

12-inch | 500 CFM |

14-inch | 740 CFM |

16-inch | 1050 CFM |

18-inch | 1400 CFM |

20-inch | 1875 CFM |

Using this duct CFM chart, you can properly estimate how big ducts you need to deliver the airflow needed.

#### Other Airflow Units Like L/Min Or Cubic Meters Per Hour

CFM is an imperial unit, commonly used in the US. If you are using other units, like l/min or m^{3}/h, you can use these unit-to-unit relations to translate other units in CFM.

1 CFM = 1.699 m^{3}/h

1 CFM = 28.317 l/minute

If you have any problems using the calculator, you can use the comments to give us some numbers and we’ll try our best to help you out.

Hi there,

I had calculations done of our Dental practice by a professional and the ACPH for the office is 11. Our office is approx. 2800 square feet. I purchased additional HEPA filters for each operatory and enclosed the rooms. How do I calculate the air exchanges with the added HEPA filters in the rooms? The CFM for the HEPA filters purchased is 60.

Room 1 is:

11 feet in length

8.5 feet wide

9 feet ceiling height

Room 2 is:

10 feet in length

8 feet wide

9 feet ceiling height

Thank you in advance for any insight given.

Tammy

Hello Tammy, HEPA filters increase CADR rating. They do not increase airflow; rather, they can decrease it. You can use the ACH calculator to calculate ACH in Room 1 and Room 2, as well as for the whole office. Hope this helps; please do specify a bit if this doesn’t answer your question.

I think you made an error in your opening sentence. You said “CFM or Cubic Feet per Meter”. I think you mean Cubic Feet per Minute. CFM is a flow rate (volume over time), not a ratio of volumes in english to metric units. It appears to be right everywhere else.

Hello L., gosh, yes. Thank you for the correction; we’ve corrected the error. Quick typing and complex thoughts might have to do something with the misspeling. Thank you for pointing it out and allowing us to correct it.