Air conditioning is a process that primarily utilizes electricity to decrease the temperature of indoor air. 84% of all homes in the US have some kind of air conditioner. Air conditioners are an essential part of almost every home.
HVAC stands for Heating, Air Conditioning, And Ventilation. Air conditioners are a major part of HVAC and include ventilation (even distribution of adequately conditioned air) as well.
In this ‘Air Conditioning’ segment, we primarily cover all types of air conditioners. The most common types are mini-split, portable, window, and central air conditioners. On top of that, we also cover evaporative cool and fans which facilitates ventilation.
Mini-Split Air Conditioners
Mini-split AC units are ductless split system AC types. These are split-system units consisting of 1 outdoor unit (contains the compressor) and 1 or several indoor units, commonly referred to as air handlers.
They are very energy-efficient, quiet, and the best alternative to ducted central air conditioners. Here are some resources we have on mini-split air conditioners and heat pumps:
- 7 Best Ductless Mini Split AC Units With Highest SEER Ratings
- Best DIY Mini Splits: 4 Units That Are Easiest To Install By Yourself
- Best Dual Zone Mini Split Systems In 2023 (2 Heads + 1 Generator)
- Best 3 Zone Mini Split Systems In 2023 (Senville, Mitsubishi, etc.)
- Best 4 Zone Mini Split Systems In 2023 (Mitsubishi, Daikin etc.)
- Best 5 Zone Mini Split Systems In 2023 (Mitsubishi, Carrier, etc.)
- 5 Smallest Mini Split Air Conditioners (Under 450 Sq Ft, <10,000 BTU)
- 5 Best Mini Split AC For Garage (+What Size, SEER, Installation Cost)
- Mr COOL DIY Mini Split Review: Pros And Cons (2023)
- Senville Mini Split Reviews: Best 4 Units Compared & Rated
- Daikin Mini Split Reviews (Specs Comparison Of 26 Daikin AC Units)
- 5 Best Mini-Split Line Set Cover Kits (DIY Hide 3″-5″ AC Lines)
- Ductless Mini Split Vs Central Air AC: Which Is Better? (8 Differences)
- 4 Best Cassette Ceiling Air Conditioners In 2023 (+ Specs)
- What Is A Mini Split Air Conditioner? Split System Units Explained
- How Many Mini Splits Do You Need? (Rooms, Sq Ft, BTUs, Zones)
- How Many Amps Does A Mini Split Use? (2.3 To 27.3 Amps)
- Is It OK To Slightly Oversize A Mini Split? What Is ‘Slightly’?
- How Much Does It Cost To Run A Mini Split? (Per Month Calculator)
- How Much Electricity Does A Mini Split Use? (Watts, kWh, $)
- Mini Split Sizing Calculator: How Many BTU Mini Split Do I Need?
- Dry Mode In AC Explained: What Does Dry Mode Do? Electricity Usage?
- Air Conditioner Dry Mode VS Dehumidifier Explain: Same?
- MrCool 3rd Gen VS 4th Gen DIY: SEER, HSPF Comparison
Heat pumps work both as air conditioners and as heaters. By reversing the flow of refrigerant, they can provide both cooling (in the summer) and heating (in the winter).
- 12 Best Mini Split Heat Pumps In 2023 (Based On Specs)
- What Size Heat Pump Do I Need? Heat Pump Size Calculator
- 8 Disadvantages Of Air-Source Heat Pumps One-By-One (UK Edition)
- How Does A Mini Split Work? (Simple 7 Step-By-Step Explaination)
Portable Air Conditioners
Portable AC units are the easiest ones to use and move around. They are becoming increasingly popular because they can provide a cooling effect for a room, or can be utilized as an auxiliary air conditioning unit during summer heatwaves.
Most portable AC units can also be used in the winter for heating. By reversing the flow of refrigerant, portable air conditioners can produce a heating output. They are very affordable compared to mini-split AC units or central air, and as price and specs-wise in the same category as window air conditioners.
Here are useful resources about portable air conditioners:
- 12 Most Energy-Efficient Portable Air Conditioners In 2023 (Based On EER)
- 4 Smallest Portable AC Units (Below 1.60 Sq Ft Footprint)
- How Do A Portable Air Conditioners Work? (Easily Explained)
- How To Vent A Portable Air Conditioner Without A Window: 5 Ways
- 5 Quietest Portable Air Conditioners In 2023 (Under 53.2 dB)
- 5 Cheapest Portable Air Conditioners In 2023 (In Stock; Selling Fast)
- 5 Best Dual-Hose Portable AC Units In 2023 (Comparison, Reviews)
- 5 Best Portable Air Conditioner And Heater Combos (2-In-1 Units)
- 3+1 Best Window Seal For Portable AC Unit Kits (DIY Installation)
- 4 Best Portable Air Conditioners For Apartment (Studio, 1-Bed, 2-Bed)
- 4 Biggest Portable Air Conditioners (With 14,000+ BTU Capacity)
- 3 Ways How To Drain Portable Air Conditioner + How Often To Drain?
- Can You Use A Portable AC Without The Hose? (4 Hoseless Methods)
- Do Portable Air Conditioners Pull Air From Outside? (Wildfire Smoke)
Window Air Conditioners
Window air conditioners are mounted on the window sill. They provide up to 25,000 BTU of cooling effect, are fairly easy to install (you can DIY window AC installation), and don’t require a lot of maintenance.
They are very useful especially for smaller rooms since they are the only ones that can produce only 5,000 BTU of cooling effect. There are several different kinds of window air conditioners, you will find even some new designs in our summary of resources on window AC units here:
- 9 Best Window AC Units Based On Specs (+ Quick Buyer’s Guide)
- 8 Smallest Air Conditioners For Small Room (10×10, 12×12, 14×14)
- 5 Smallest Window AC Units For Small Windows (Compact)
- 9 Quietest Window AC Units In 2023 (Down To 38.9 dB Noise)
- 5 Best Casement/Vertical AC Units For Sliding Windows (2023)
- 3+4 New Saddle Air Conditioners Explained (Over-The-Sill AC Units)
- 5 Best Window AC Units With Heat In 2023 (2-In-1 Combos)
- 7 Most Energy-Efficient Window AC Units (Under $149,32/Year Cost)
- 3 Best Low Profile Window Air Conditioners (80% Height Reduction)
- 4 Biggest Window Air Conditioners For Large Rooms (24,000+ BTU)
- 4 Best Window AC Support Brackets (Brackets For Air Conditioner)
- 4 Best Lightweight Window Air Conditioners (Even Below 35.3 Lbs)
- 5000 BTU Air Conditioner Room Size: How Many Square Feet?
- How To Tilt A Window Air Conditioner: Should You Even Tilt It? Angle?
- Window Too Small For AC? AC Doesn’t Fit Window? (2 Viable Options)
- Can You Put A Window Air Conditioner In Sideways? (Why Not + Alternative)
- Do Window Air Conditioners Pull Air From Outside? (Wildfire Smoke)
Central Air Conditioners
Central air is a whole-house air conditioning system. These are the old-school ducted system that are currently being replaced by ductless-mini split AC units. Central air AC units are still the most powerful units (cooling output is measured in tons, rather than BTUs), but they are very expensive, require additional ductwork, and need professional installation.
Here are our resources about central air conditioners:
- 9 Best Central Air Conditioner Brands: Cost Of 2-5 Ton Units
- AC Tonnage Calculator Per Square Foot (+Tonnage Table)
- What Size Generator To Run 5 Ton AC Unit?
- Carrier HVAC Age: How To Tell AC Or Furnace Age? (Carrier Serial Number)
- Goodman AC Age: How To Tell How Old Goodman AC Is? (Serial Number)
Air Conditioner Problems And Repairs
- AC Not Working: 9 Steps How To Fix AC (By HVAC Technician)
- AC Short Cycling: What It Is And 5 Ways How To Solve It Now
- AC Blowing Hot Air: What’s Wrong? 6 Common Causes & Fixes For AC Warm Air
- AC Not Blowing Cold Air (But Running): 8 Common Causes + Fixes
- Why Is Your AC Drip Pan Full Of Water, Even Overflowing? (5 Fixes)
- 4 Best HVAC UV Lights For AC/Furnaces (No Mold + Keep Efficiency)
- Window AC Unit Leaking Water: 6 Most Common Causes (+ DIY fixes)
- AC Making Noise: 5 Air Conditioner Noises + How To Fix Them
- How To Recharge A Window AC Unit? (10-Step Freon Refill)
- AC Is Cooling But Not Removing Humidity: Even Goes Up? (4 Causes)
- Window Air Conditioner Freezing Up In Summer? Here’s What Is Wrong
- AC Fan Not Spinning: 6 Outdoor Condenser Fan Problems (+Fixes)
- AC Breaker Keeps Tripping Breaker: 9 Common Culprits & Fixes
- Outside AC Unit Not Running But Inside Is? 6 Culprits To Check
- How Cold Should An Air Conditioner Blow? (Out Of Vents Temperature)
- How To Tell If AC Is Frozen? 3 Tell-Tale Signs (Ice On Evaporator Coils)
- How To Unfreeze AC Unit Fast? 4 Coil Defrost Options (Ice Thawing)
- How Long Does It Take To Thaw A Frozen Air Conditioner? (Unfreezing)
- Why Is AC Spitting Water Inside And Making Noise? (2 Reasons)
- Should You Cover Your Air Conditioner In The Winter? (Do’s/Don’ts)
- Air Handler Leaking Water On Floor? 5 Dripping Split AC Causes
- Water Dripping From Split AC Indoor Unit On Wall, Floor: Normal?
- Understanding Superheat And Subcooling In HVAC: 101 Explanation
- How To Measure Superheat? Easy 10 Step-By-Step Guide
- How To Measure Subcooling? Easy 9 Step-By-Step Guide
- How To Calculate Superheat? Formula, Superheat Calculator (410A, R22, R134A)
- How To Calculate Subcooling? Formula, Subcooling Calculator (R22, 410A, R134A)
- Target Superheat Chart + Calculator, Formula, R22, 410A Examples
- Target Subcooling Chart? There Is No Chart, Here’s Why
- 6 High Superheat Causes + How To Fix High Superheat
- 6 Low Superheat Causes: Low CFMs, Overcharged Or Oversized AC
- What Causes High Or Low Subcooling? 4 Culprits + Fixes
- High Superheat Low Subcooling: Only 1 Major Cause + How To Fix It?
- High Superheat High Subcooling: Only 2 Possible Causes + Fixes
- Low Superheat Low Subcooling: Only 1 Cause + How To Fix It
- Low Superheat High Subcooling: It’s Overcharged AC, Here’s Why
- High Superheat Normal Subcooling: Too High CFMs Or Excessive Heat Load
- Low Superheat Normal Subcooling: 3 Causes + How To Fix AC?
- Condensation On AC Vent: 1 Cause, 5 Culprits + How To Fix Vent Sweating?
- What Is Delta T In HVAC? HVAC Delta T Explained
- Portable AC Unit Leaking Water From Bottom? 10+ Culprits + Fixes
- What Happens If Air Filter Is Backwards? From Bad To Awful
- Why Does My AC Compressor Shut Off After 2-3 Minutes? (Culprits)
- AC Is Cooling But Not Removing Humidity? Still High +50% RH?
Useful Air Conditioning Resources (+ Other Kinds Of AC Units)
- 10 Types Of Air Conditioners Explained (With Pictures, Prices)
- 4 Best Attic Air Conditioners In 2023 (Mini Split, Portable, Window, Etc.)
- 3 Best Bedroom Air Conditioners In 2023 (Portable, Mini Split, Window)
- How Many BTU Air Conditioner Do You Need? (BTU Calculator)
- How Many BTU To Cool 500 Sq Ft? (+ 500 Sq Ft AC Recommendations)
- How Many BTU Per Square Foot Do I Need? (20 BTU Per Sq Ft)
- How Much Does It Cost to Run An Air Conditioner (Per Hour)?
- Understanding EER: What Is A Good EER Rating For AC?
- Understanding CEER Rating: AC Energy-Efficiency (+ CEER Chart)
- IPLV Value: Integrated Part Load Value Explained (AC, Chillers)
- Air Conditioner EER Chart: Which AC Unit Is The Most Energy Efficient?
- How Long Do AC Units Last? (Window, Portable, Mini-Split, Central)
- How Many Amps Does A 5,000 – 18,000 BTU Conditioner Use?
- How Big A Generator Do I Need To Run A 5000 BTU Air Conditioner?
- 6 Best Through-The-Wall Air Conditioners In 2023 (In-Wall AC Units)
- What Is The Highest BTU Air Conditioner For 110/120 Volts?
- Garage Air Conditioners: How To Cool Garage In Over 100°F Heat?
- AC Compressor Replacement Costs In 2023 ($700 to $3,400)
- 1 Best Battery-Powered Air Conditioner: Shocking, Zeisty Truth
- Zero Breeze Mark 2 Review: Battery-Powered Portable AC Gawk
- 4 Best Tent Air Conditioners For Camping (Truth About Tent Cooling)
- 5 Best RV Air Conditioners In 2023 (15,000 BTU Rooftop)
- 3 Best Low Profile Window Air Conditioners (80% Height Reduction)
- 6 Best 8,000 BTU Air Conditioners For 250-400 Sq Ft Spaces
- 6 Best 10,000 BTU Air Conditioners For 300-500 Sq Ft Spaces
- 6 Best 12,000 BTU Air Conditioners For 400-600 Sq Ft
- Rebates For New Air Conditioning Units 2023 (+10% Tax Deductibles)
- BTU Calculator: How BTU Is Calculated DIY? (With 8.5% Accuracy)
- SEER Rating Calculator: Easy-To-Use AC Running Costs Estimate
- SEER Rating Chart + Calculator (How Much $ Saved With Higher SEER?)
- 16 SEER vs 14 SEER: Which AC Unit Is Better?
- Explained: DOE BTU SACC Vs ASHRAE In Portable AC Units
- Portable AC vs Window AC: Which Is Better? (11-Point Comparison)
- Window AC Dimensions In Inches: Sizes Of 1 Ton, 1.5 Ton, 5k-25k BTU Units
- AC Unit For 1,000 Sq Ft House: Cost, Size (Tonnage), 3 Options
- AC Unit For 2,000 Sq Ft House: Costs, Size, Efficiency, Best 2 Options
- What Size Breaker For AC Unit? Explanation + Calculator + Chart
- Air Conditioner Wire Size Calculator (+ Chart For 1.5-5 Ton AC Units)
- How Many Hours Should AC Run Per Day? (Or Continuously?)
- Does AC Reduce Humidity? How Much Humidity It Removes? (Pints/Gallons)
- How Long Should It Take To Cool A House? (Calculator + Chart)
- How Cool Should My House Be If It’s 100F Outside (Or More)?
- How Cool Should My House Be If It’s 90F Outside (Or More)?
- Does Outside Temperature Affect Air Conditioner? (Why + How)
- PTAC Units: What They Are, Pros & Cons, 4 Best PTAC Units (+Specs)
- 10/2 Or 10/3 Wire For Air Conditioner: Why 10/3 Is A Stupid Idea?
- Mr Cool DIY 9k, 12k, 18k, 24k, 36k Breaker Sizes (Specs Sheets)
- How Many Watts, Amps Does A RV AC Use? (Calculator + Charts)
- How Many CFM Per Ton Of Cooling For 1-6 Ton Units? (HVAC Rules)
- 1.5 Ton AC Watts And Power Consumption (Calculator + Chart)
- What Temperature To Leave A Vacant House In Summer? (Careful)
- What Temperature To Set Air Conditioner In Summer: 72, 75, 78°F?
- How Many Watts Do 1,2,3,4,5,6 Ton ACs Use? (Central, Mini Split)
- How Much Electricity (kWh) Do Air Conditioners Use? (Calc + Chart)
- AC SEER Vs Tonnage: Why Are We Still Mixing Them Together? (Explained)
- Air Conditioner BTU Calculator (With AC BTU For Room Size Chart)
- How Many kW Air Conditioner Do I Need? AC kW Calculator + Chart
- Does Tesla Use More Electricity Than Home AC Unit? (Surprising Result)
- AC 20-Degree Rule Of Thumb Explained: Real Or Nonsense?
Evaporative Coolers (Ventless Air Conditioners)
- 5 Best Evaporative Coolers (Swamp Coolers) In 2023: Reviewed & Rated
- 5 Best Ventless Air Conditioners In 2023: Venting Not Required
- 5 Best Mini Portable Air Conditioners In 2023 (Personal Air Coolers, Actually)
- 4 Best Outdoor Air Conditioners For Patios, Decks, etc. (2023)
- Is There A Portable Air Conditioner Without Hose? (Hoseless AC Explained)
- Evaporative Cooler Chart (Humidity, Efficiency, Temperature Swamp Coolers)
We are adding new content about air conditioners continuously. Our goal is to inform everybody how air conditioners work, how to adequately size them, and which specific air conditioners are the best for specific uses or based on a certain specification (like EER, SEER, noise levels, and so on).